Lord Rama or Ramachandra was a king of Ayodhya in ancient India. CSN3M75FS64F In Hinduism, He is considered to be the seventh Avatar of Lord Vishnu and a lila-avatara described in Bhagavata Purana. Shri Rama is one of the most popular figures and deities in Vaisnavism and its religious scriptures in South and Southeast Asia. Born as the eldest son of Queen Kaushalya and King Dasharatha, of Ayodhya, Shri Rama is referred to within Hinduism as “Maryada Purushottama”, literally the “Perfect Man” or Lord of Restrictions. The legend of Rama is deeply influential and popular in the societies of the Indian subcontinent and across South East Asia given below in brief.
Shri Rama is revered for his unending compassion,courage and devotion to religious values and duty. Lord Rama’s life and journey is one of perfect adherence to Dharma despite harsh tests of life and time. He is pictured as the ideal man and the perfect human. For the sake of his father’s honour, Shri Rama abandons his claim to Koshala’s throne to serve an exile of fourteen years in the forest. His wife Devi Sita and brother Lakshmana, unable to live without Shri Rama, decide to join him, and all three spend the fourteen years in exile together. While in exile, Devi Sita is kidnapped by Lankapati Ravana, the Rakshasa (Asura) monarch of Lanka. After a long and arduous search that tests his personal strength and virtue, Shri Rama fights a colossal war against Ravana’s armies. In a war of powerful and magical beings, greatly destructive weaponry and battles, Shri Rama slays Ravana in battle and liberates his wife Devi Sita. Having completed his exile, Shri Rama returns to be crowned king in Ayodhya (the capital of his kingdom Koshala) and eventually becomes emperor, rules with happiness, peace, prosperity and justice. And this period known as “Rama Rajya”.
Shri Rama’s courage in searching for Devi Sita and fighting a terrible war to rescue his wife and their honour is complemented by Devi Sita’s absolute devotion to her husband’s love, and perfect chastity despite being Ravana’s captive. Lord Rama’s piety and virtue attract powerful and devoted allies such as Hanuman and the Vanaras of Kishkindha, with whose help He rescues Devi Sita. Shri Rama’s younger brothers, namely Lakshmana, Shatrughna and Bharata strongly complement his piety, virtue and strength, and they are believed by many to belong to the Maryada Purushottama and the Seventh Avatara, mainly embodied by Shri Rama.