Brahma was born of the golden egg, Hiranyagarbha. When the egg divided into two parts, heaven and earth were formed. Between these was the sky. He is also said to have sprung from Vishnu’s navel, on a lotus, symbolizing rebirth from deeds of past manifestations. A day of Brahma, or Kalpa, is equivalent to 4320 million years.
Brahma is personified by four heads (for four directions) and four arms. He carries a sceptre to bow and like all gods, has a vehicle, the swan. His perch is on Mount Meru and is called Brahmapura or Brahmaloka – the place of Brahma.
He is the lord of scholarship and the four Vedas came from his mouth. His consort is Saraswati, the goddess of higher learning and the arts. Both are thus connected with the art of sculpture, architecture, painting, writing, drama, dance and music, and are worshipped by those seeking spiritual and intellectual advancement.
From Brahma’s body came the four castes of the Hindus: The Brahmans or priests from his mout,; the Kshatriyas or soldiers from his arms; the Vaishyas or traders from his thigh and the Sudras or menial workers from his feet.
Today the most important temple of Brahma stands in Pushkar, Rajasthan.